Excalibur Associates, Inc.
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U.S. Department of Energy

National Nuclear Security Administration
Industrial Hygiene & Occupational Safety Support Services

The end of the Cold War left a legacy of surplus weapons-usable fissile materials both in the United States and the former Soviet Union, leaving substantial quantities of plutonium no longer needed for defense purposes. These global stockpiles of weapons-usable fissile materials pose a danger to national and international security in the form of potential proliferation of nuclear weapons and the potential for environmental, safety, and health consequences if the materials not properly safeguarded and managed.

Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory tasked Excalibur to conduct worker health and safety design reviews of a proposed nuclear facility capable of handling significant quantities of hazardous and radioactive materials. Using DOE Order 440.1A, Worker Protection Management for DOE Federal and Contractor Employees, as the framework reducing or preventing injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses, we identified potential workplace chemical, physical, or ergonomic hazards and evaluated the risk of associated worker injury or illness. Our analysis included facility design, operations and procedures, and equipment. We recommended hazard controls to address work practices, engineering controls, administrative controls to limit worker exposures, and personal protective equipment. Our efforts succeeded in identifying, evaluating and ensuring the implementation of safety & health related changes to the facility design.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Federal Emergency Management Agency
FEMA Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program

There are more than 65 Nuclear Power Plant sites and surrounding Emergency Planning Zones (EPZ) that extend out as far as 50 miles from each site, and includes nearly half the population of the United States. On December 7, 1979, following the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accident, President Carter transferred the federal lead role for offsite radiological emergency planning and preparedness activities from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA established the Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program to (1) ensure the health and safety of citizens living around commercial nuclear power plants would be adequately protected in the event of a nuclear power plant accident and (2) inform and educate the public about radiological emergency preparedness. FEMA evaluates radiological emergency planning exercises conducted by State and local governments to determine whether their plans can be effectively implemented. These exercises are designed to test the capability of local response organizations to protect public health and safety through the implementation of their plans under simulated radiological emergency conditions.

Excalibur’s health physicists, emergency managers, and radiological safety and fire services professionals participated in more than 30 radiological emergency preparedness exercises. These exercises evaluated whether emergency planning and preparedness at a given site was adequate to protect the health and safety of the public living in the vicinity of the nuclear power facility by providing reasonable assurance that appropriate protective measures can be taken offsite in the event of a radiological emergency.